Cryotherapy. What is it? Cryotherapy means Cold Therapy; it is the exposure of the body surface to very low temperatures. The reduction in the superficial skin temperature stimulates the thermoreceptors (sensors that react with cold stimulations). Thermoreceptors send a signal to the brain in order to generate a response as a defence mechanism to the imminent hypothermic situation. We offer a range of cryotherapy treatments to meet your needs. The simplest distinction is between a whole-body approach and a localised approach. These treatments use the same principle of exposing the body surface to very low temperatures, but the localised treatments focus on specific areas including the face.
Whole body cryotherapy
Using ice packs, or localised Cryotherapy, is one of the oldest therapeutic treatments available to physiotherapists and is an internationally accepted way to accelerate recovery from injury. Modern ”Whole Body Cryo Therapy” (WCT) is rooted in the practices and research of Dr Yamaguchi of Japan, who, in 1978, started using freezing treatments of short duration on his rheumatoid arthritis patients’ skin surface for pain management purposes. Dr Yamaguchi found he could significantly reduce the soreness and pain his patients normally felt during manipulation of their joints,and attributed this to the rapid decrease of temperature of the outer layer of skin leading to immediate endorphin release and therefore less sensitivity to pain. Subsequently, WCT was pioneered in the 1980s, by German Professor Reinhard Fricke as a way to relieve chronic pain and arthritis.
Whole-Body Cryotherapy – an extremely cold treatment is now a widely accepted medical treatment in the USA and Europe where it is also used in the field of professional sports and athletics.
At Ice Health Cryotherapy we’d been offering a regular Cryotherapy since 2009.
But having experienced the Thermal Shock Cryotherapy and wanting to have the absolute best on the market, we’ve invested into our Thermal Shock (HEAT & COLD in 5min session) at the beginning of 2018., and would never go back and so would our clients. The primary difference is the use of dry heat at +65C immediately followed by dry cold at - 196C, all in 5min in the Thermal Shock Cryotherapy, in comparison to just cold in a regular Cryotherapy treatment.
WHOLE BODY CRYOTHERAPY - Thermal Shock Cryotherapy (PLUS +65C to MINUS -196C in 5min)
The experience During the Whole-Body Cryotherapy session, the Cryosauna uses Liquid Nitrogen to cool the pod down to minus -196°C in a more precise way than the traditional Ice Baths. As you enter the Cryocabin the session starts with:
1 min of dry heat at +65C to relax us and to stimulate our warm skin receptors, followed by 1 min of cooling down the cabin, followed by 3 min of dry cold at -196C to stimulate our cold skin receptors.
The sudden increase followed by immediate drop in heat stimulates the temperature receptors, prompting the brain to transmit messages throughout the body. This withdraws blood from the body’s core to try to regulate the temperature which prompts the blood vessels to repeatedly vasoconstricte and vasodilate
When you exit the cabin, blood is pumped vigorously around the body, which in turn enhances the oxygen supply and removal of toxins. The cold also triggers the nervous system to release feel-good endorphins, plus the body’s natural anti-inflammatory reaction to extreme cold results in a pain reduction. The experience of Thermal Shock: warming and cooling to -196°C for up to five minutes in total, positively affects every organ in the body:
♦ Blood circulation is enhanced along with the supply of oxygen to the tissues, ♦ Toxins are drained away by lymph and blood, ♦ It also aids cellular survival and activates natural biological regeneration.
While these processes are initiated by brief exposure of the skin surface to extremely warm and low temperatures, it is important to understand that tissue is not actually heat up or frozen during the procedure. Only the illusion of a severe hot and cold impact is created when very warm and cold air temporarily touches the skin where our warm and cold sensors are located.
Our Heat AND Cold Cryotherapy ‘Thermal Shock’ treatment alternates between dry Heat +65C and Cold -196C (immediately one after another, all in 5min)
The body’s natural response to low temperatures is that blood vessels and arteries narrow restricting blood flow. The benefit of our hot and cold treatment is that the preceding dry heat causes blood vessels to widen and blood flow to increase to the skin’s surface, and psychologically the warmth causes the mind to relax. A further benefit is that zero humidity within the chamber reduced discomfort that would otherwise accompany the shift in temperature, and also the absence of sweating means that the switch to cold can be instantaneous.
The shock effect produced by extreme Heat & Cold generates the following effects:
• It produces a vasodilation followed by vasoconstriction, followed by vasodilation. Due to the extreme cold, the brain sends a signal to transport blood to the vital organs. There, blood is enriched with oxygen and another nutrients and toxins are purified. After exiting the Cryosauna the vasodilatation takes place: enriched blood goes back to the peripheral systems of the body.
• It releases substances as endorphins, that produce a feeling of well-being.
• Through neuro-reflexive mechanisms, positive results are obtained regarding pain sensitivity and inflammatory processes.
• Vasculature (veins and arteries) is strengthened, with enhanced integrity of your cardiovascular system. Stimulating constriction and subsequent relaxation of the blood vessels can help filter out toxins in the body.
• Optimising blood flow through ‘Thermal Shock’ helps deliver even more oxygen, nutrients, hormones, endorphins and anti-inflammatory substances to the tissues than just regular cold Cryotherapy.
• An analgesic effect: Thermal Shock Cryotherapy has proved to be even more very effective to compare to a regular Cryotherapy in the treatment of acute and chronic pain. This is the case of patients with fibromyalgia. The extreme heat & cold of the cryotherapy decreases the speed of nerve conduction and inhibits nociceptive fibres, helping to reduce the feeling of pain.
• Anti-inflammatory effect: Thermal Shock Cryotherapy has an influence in the inflammatory process in a similar way as explained in the case of pain relief. The application of extreme heat & cold on the skin causes a reduction of hyper fusion dependent on inflammation through vasoconstriction and vasoconstriction. It also causes the desensitisation of the nociceptors, an increase of a muscular tone and a reduction of mediators of inflammation.
• Metabolic activation: the extreme heat & cold generated inside the cabin produces some reactions in the body in order to compensate the increase & decrease in the temperature of the outer surface of the skin. It activates the metabolism and the mobilisation of accumulated fats. It can burn between 200 and 800 kilocalories per session. The loss of kilocalories is not only during the five minutes of the applications of heat & cold, but also during the next six hours
• Relaxation: Thermal Shock Cryotherapy promotes the release of endorphins and serotonin, as well as other natural substances that produce a feeling of well-being and that help to combat stress.
The outer skin is briefly ‘warmed up’ and ‘frozen’, activating increased production of collagen in deeper layers of the skin.
The skin regains elasticity and becomes smoother and even-toned, significantly improving conditions such as cellulite and skin ageing. The extreme cold exposure causes to the body to turn up its metabolic rate in order to produce heat. This effect lasts for 5-8 hours after the procedure, causing the body to ‘burn’ 500 – 800 Kcal over the hours following the procedure. After several procedures, the increase in metabolic rate tends to last longer between treatments.
Reported benefits include:
• Tighter, healthier skin • Cellulite reduction • Stronger, fuller hair • Stronger nails • Fewer skin blemishes • Faster fat loss through burning more calories.
Localised Cryotherapy has been used in sport recovery and rehabilitation for numerous years, however it is a new treatment method in cosmetics. It involves the application of extreme cold temperatures of up to –170°C in the form of nitrogen vapours for a very short time on selected body parts. The thermo-receptors on the skin sense the extreme cold temperatures and send signals to the brain. The brain controls the body’s internal temperature triggering rapid vasoconstriction of blood vessels in order to maintain the control of the temperature of the body. We at Ice Health Cryotherapy offer Localised Cryotherapy to support: Slimming, Cellulite, Facial treatments and Sports Injuries to help the body to help itself!
The extreme cold temperatures at -165C trigger the body to create the necessary temperature inside the body (an increase of 1°C to 1.5°C). The body uses sugars, fats and proteins as an energy source to increase the body temperature. Once the treatment is over and blood vessels dilate, the subsequent rush of blood flow increases metabolic processes meaning that the body breaks down larger molecules much faster. Increased oxygenated blood flow gives the body more power, increases the revitalisation of skin, organs and muscles, provides a rush of hormones and nutrients, relaxes muscles and transports negative substances away from the superficial layer. A course of localised Cryostimulation treatments also produces extended effects: it improves skin tone, blood supply and nutrition, promotes rejuvenation of aged skin and improves skin conditioning.
It is clinically proven that the effects of localised Cryostimulation are:
• Cause 4 times higher lymph and blood micro circulation. • Oxygenate and nourish the skin and subcutaneous tissues. • Detox the body. • Trigger a metabolic surge (even 4 hours after the procedure). • Firm the skin and reduce cellulite by strengthening collagen and elastin fibres. • Increase muscle tone.
Cellulite refers to areas affected by uneven fibro-fatty deposits which usually occur on the buttocks, thighs and legs, especially in women. The affected areas are usually uneven and dimpled in appearance and may not necessarily be due to excessive weight. It often occurs as a result of weight gain but can also occur in people who are not overweight at all. It is due to fat deposits which form superficially, just beneath the surface of the skin and become interspersed with strong bands of inelastic fibrous tissue which are attached to the under surface of the skin and run vertically down into the fatty layer. The fat cells become trapped in inflexible compartments between these fibrous bands and when the fat cells expand due to any weight gain at all, they push the surface of the skin up into bumps as they are unable to easily expand in other directions. The skin is tethered and anchored down at the points of attachment of the fibrous bands resulting in depressions between the fatty mounds at these sites. There can be a reduction in blood flow through this tissue and fluid may also become trapped within the affected tissue as it is unable to easily enter the circulation.
The lymphatic drainage is also usually poor, further contributing to fluid retention and calcium deposits may form within the layer of uneven fibrous fat. As the blood flow is poor, it does not respond well to weight loss or dieting, and weight loss will not be desirable if the person affected is already at their perfect weight. The extreme cold temperatures tat -165C rigger the body to create the necessary temperature inside the body (an increase of 1°C to 1.5°C). The body uses sugars, fats and proteins as an energy source to increase the body temperature. Once the treatment is over and blood vessels dilate, the subsequent rush of blood flow increases metabolic processes meaning that the body breaks down larger molecules much faster. Increased oxygenated blood flow gives the body more power, increases the revitalisation of skin, organs and muscles, provides a rush of hormones and nutrients, relaxes muscles and transports negative substances away from the superficial layer. When exposed to extreme cold temperatures -165C, the body burns energy in order to change the internal temperature of the body, drive the increased blood flow around the body and support increased metabolic processes. For this reason, cryoastimulation supports weight loss and cellulite reduction.
Cryo Facial / Cryofacial
Our Cryofacial treatment causes rapid vasoconstriction and then the stable dilation of blood vessels and lymphatic capillaries; this enhances the nutrition of the skin and activates metabolic processes. An additional benefit of improved skin nutrition is increased penetrability of cell membranes.
A course of Cryostimulation Facial treatments also produces extended effects: it improves skin tone, blood supply and nutrition, promotes rejuvenation of aged skin, improves the state of problem skin and reduces pores.
• Instantly noticeable results post treatment. • Tighter, healthier skin, increases muscle tone. • Skin feels revitalised, fresh and rejuvenated. • Due to higher oxygen supply skin looks radiant and glowing • Brightens dark areas under the eyes. • Treats problem skin such as acne and eczema. • Triggers collagen • Instant analgesic effect (pain relief) from oedema and skin inflammations. • Reduces pores
CRYOSTIMULATION in treating Injuries
The rapid decrease in temperature to the outer skin causes the brain to release endorphins, which act as a form of natural pain relief. Cryostimulation at -165C can be used to treat problems such as chronic back pain and arthritis, with the results lasting for several months. Cryostimulation is also increasingly often performed for the purposes of biological regeneration and prevention of musculoskeletal overload and injury (athletes), and as a way of increasing immunity. In some cases with symptoms of inflammation (acute and chronic musculoskeletal injuries), the purpose of Cryostimulation is to decrease the temperature of the inflamed tissue as cold is known to limit the inflammation symptoms. This protects against oedema of periarticular tissues and any further damage caused by pressure and movement of tissues. In such cases very good results are obtained by local cryotherapy. A course of Cryostimulation treatments also produces extended effects: it improves skin tone, blood supply and nutrition, promotes rejuvenation of aged skin and improves the state of problem skin. Cryostimulation has also been found to have positive effects on other health concerns, such as migraines and sinus problems.
• Increase in muscle strength • Enhances sporting performance • Reduction in the regeneration phase • Inhibition of inflammation • Immunomodulation • Reduction of pain • Reduction of spasm • Improvement of joint function • Decrease in muscle tension over longer application • Reduction of post traumatic treatments • Overall quicker return to training • Decreased Fatigue • Treating stress related conditions • Improves circulation • Decrease swellings • Decrease of chronic pain syndrome • Decrease of Muscle and ligament strains • Decrease of Tendon injuries (detachment, distortion, extension of tendons, tendinosis, tendinopathy)
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